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His Majesty’s Treasury (HMT) is the United Kingdom’s economic and finance ministry, responsible for developing and executing the government’s public finance policy and economic policy. It plays a key role in managing the UK’s public finances, including taxation, public spending, and the overall economic strategy. Formerly “Her Majesty’s Treasury” in the era of Queen Elizabeth II, prior to King Charles.

Key Points:

  • Responsibilities: HMT oversees the collection and management of public revenues, formulation of fiscal policy, and allocation of government expenditure. It also works to promote economic growth, ensure financial stability, and support employment.
  • Sanctions and Compliance: HMT is responsible for implementing financial sanctions in the UK. This includes maintaining the Consolidated List of Financial Sanctions Targets, which names individuals, entities, and groups subject to asset freezes and other financial restrictions.
  • Economic Strategy: HMT develops strategies to address economic challenges and opportunities, including policies on taxation, public spending, and debt management. It aims to ensure a sustainable and balanced economic growth.
  • Public Spending: HMT sets the budgets for government departments and oversees the efficient and effective use of public funds, ensuring value for money and accountability.
  • Regulation and Reform: HMT plays a crucial role in the regulation and reform of the financial sector, working to enhance the stability and competitiveness of the UK’s financial services industry.


Her Majesty’s Treasury is central to the economic health and fiscal governance of the United Kingdom. It ensures the effective management of public finances, supports economic growth, and enforces financial sanctions to uphold international law and security.

For more information, visit: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/hm-treasury

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