Typically referred to as shareholder equity (also: stockholder equity, shareholders’ equity). Represents the amount of money that would be returned to a company’s shareholders if all assets were liquidated and all the company’s debt was paid in full. Equity is found on a company’s balance sheet; one of the most common financial metrics used to assess the financial health of a company, but can also represent the book value of a company. There are various types of equity that extend beyond a corporation’s balance sheet.